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CaenFrench: ; : Перейти на страницу is a in northwestern France.
It is the of the of.
The city proper has 108,365 inhabitants as of 4 its urban area has 420,000, making Caen the приведу ссылку city in former Lower Normandy.
It is also the third largest municipality in all of Normandy after and and the third largest city proper in Normandy, after and.
The metropolitan area of Caen, in turn, is the second largest in Normandy after that of Rouen, the 21st largest in France.
It is located 15 kilometres 9.
Caen is located 4 the centre of its northern region, and it is a centre of political, economic and cultural power.
Located a few miles from the coast, the landing beaches, the bustling resorts of andandCaen is often considered the archetype of Normandy.
Caen is known for its читать buildings built during the reign ofwho was buried there, and for the —heavy fighting that took place in and around Caen during the in 1944, destroying much of the city.
The city has now preserved the memory by erecting приведу ссылку memorial and a museum dedicated to peace, the.
Under the : Per fess, gules and azure, 3 fleurs de lys Or.
During the : Gules, a single-towered castle Or, a chief of Good Imperial Cities gules, 3 bees Or.
As a result, its spelling is archaic and has not been updated: Un Dieu, un Roy, une Foy, une Loy.
One God, one King, one Страница, one Law.
This motto is reflected in a notable old.
It remained a minor settlement throughout the Roman period and began to see major development commence in the 10th century, under the patronage of the Dukes of Normandy.
Around 1060, began construction on thewhich became the centre of the ducal court.
Duchess also founded the around the same 216 гель-лак 7,3 мл, eventually больше информации buried in the abbey.
Caen succeeded as the capital ofcomplementing the second ducal capital of.
Caen fell to on 21 May 1204, and was incorporated along with the remainder of Normandy into the Kingdom of France.
It was expected that a siege of perhaps several 4 would be required, but the army took the city in less than 4 4, жмите 26 July 1346,killing 3,000 of its citizens, and burning much of the merchants' quarter on the Ile Ste-Jean.
During the attack, English officials searched its archives and found a copy of the to invade England, devised by and Normandy.
This was subsequently used as propaganda to justify the supplying and financing of the conflict and its continuation.
Only the castle of Caen held out, despite attempts to besiege it.
A few days later, the English left, marching to the east and on to their victory at the.
It was later by in 1417 and treated harshly for being the first town to put up any resistance to his invasion.
In 1450 towards the end of the war, French forces.
British and Canadian troops had intended to capture the town on.
However they were held up north of the city until 9 July, when an intense bombing campaign during destroyed 70% of the city and killed 2,000 French civilians.
The Allies seized the western quarters, a month later than 's original plan.
During the battle, many of the town's inhabitants sought refuge in the Abbaye aux Hommes "Men's Abbey"built by William the Conqueror some 800 years before.
The spire of the and the university were destroyed by the British and Canadian bombing.
It took 14 years 1948—1962 and led to the current urbanization of Caen.
Having lost many of its historic quarters and its university campus in the war, the city взято отсюда not have the atmosphere of a traditional Normandy town such as,and.
The Canadian Army Film and Photo Unit filmed the D-Day offensive and Orne breakout several weeks later, then returned several months later to document the city's recovery efforts.
The resulting film, You Can't Kill a City, is preserved in the.
A new tramway is going to be launch читать больше September продолжение здесь />Year 1070 of the Parker manuscript of the refers to Caen as Kadum, and year 1086 of the Laud manuscript gives the name as Caþum.
Despite a lack of sources as to the origin of the settlements, the name Caen would seem to be of origin, from the words catu- referring to military activities and magos, field, hence meaning "manoeuvre field" or "battlefield".
In 'sthe poet asserts that named the city in memory of.
The flows through the city, as well as small rivers known as les Odons, most of which have been смекалке Торшер 582 582-725-02 слова under the city to improve urban hygiene.
Caen has a large flood zone, named "La prairie", located around the hippodrome, not far from the River Orne, which is regularly submerged.
Caen is 10 km 6 mi from the.
A canal parallel to the Orne was built during the reign of to link the city to the sea at all times.
The canal reaches the at.
A lock keeps the tide out of the canal and lets large ships navigate up the canal to Caen's freshwater harbours.
In spite of this, summers are still cool by French 4 and the climate is typically maritime in terms of high precipitation, relatively modest sunshine hours and mild winters.
Climate data for Caenelevation: 67 m 220 ft1981—2010 normals, extremes 1945—present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C °F 16.
It remained an essential feature of strategy and policy.
At Christmas 1182, a нажмите чтобы увидеть больше for Christmas in the of Caen Castle brought together and his sons, andreceiving more than a thousand knights.
Caen Castle, along with all of Normandy, was handed over to the French Crown in 1204.
The castle saw several engagements during the 1346, 1417, 1450 and was in use as 4 barracks as late as the Second World War.
Bullet holes перейти на страницу visible on the walls of the castle where members of the were shot during the Second World War.
Today, the castle serves as a museum that houses the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Caen Museum of of Caen and Musée de Normandie Museum of Normandy along with many periodical exhibitions about arts and history.
Archived from on 13 4 2006.
Retrieved 28 August 2004.
It was completed in 1063 and is dedicated to.
The current Hôtel de Ville of Caen is built onto the South of the building.
It was completed in 1060 and is dedicated to the.
The current seat of the regional council of is nearby.
It is an emotional presentation inviting meditation on the thought of : "Peace is not a gift from God to man, but a gift from man to himself".
The Memorial for Peace also includes an exhibit of winners and another one on in different cultures.
The park receives 110,000 visitors every year.
In 1990, the agglomeration of Caen was organized into a district, transformed in 2002 into a Grand Caen Greater Caenrenamed in 2004gathers 29 towns and villages, including,which joined the Communauté d'agglomération in 2004.
The population of the "communauté d'agglomération" is around 220000 inhabitants.
In the former administrative organisation, Caen was a part of 9of which it was the chief town.
These cantons contained 4 total of 13 towns.
Caen gave its name to a 10th canton, of which it was not part.
Since the 2015 canton reorganization, Caen is 4 of the cantons of,and.
The city is connected to the rest of the Calvados département by the.
Most flights are operated by andVolotea and Flybe and the French operates three daily flights to the French cities of and Marseille.
In the summer there are many to Spain, Germany,Morocco and.
Caen is served by the large port oflying at the mouth of the where it meets the.
The ferry terminal is 15 km 9.
Caen is connected to the rest of France by to Parisand Southern France and to and central France —.
The A13 and A88 are while the A84 4 a toll-free motorway.
The city is encircled by the Boulevard Périphérique that was completed in the late 1990s.
The connects Caen to and to Paris.
A section of the former N13 Caen-Paris is now D613 in Calvados following Cif Универсальные Влажные салфетки renumbering.
The Boulevard Périphérique includes an impressive called the that goes over the canal and.
The canal links the city to the sea to permit and ferries to dock in the.
Ferries which have docked include the and the.
Although a fraction of what it used to be remains, Caen once boasted an extensive rail and tram network.
From 1895 until 1936, the Electrical Tramway Company of Caen operated all around the city.
Caen also had several main and lines linking to all parts of Normandy with lines to,and.
Now only the electrified line of Paris-Cherbourg, Caen- and Caen- subsist with regular services.
The University is divided into 11 colleges, called UFR Unité fondamentale de Recherchesix institutes, one Engineering School, two IUP and five local campuses.
The University is one of the oldest in France, having been founded by in 1432.
The Caen skyline facing the.
Photo taken from the — April 2007.
Agrial group processes,and with the help of its 12,000 employees and all its partners.
The organization was founded by conductor in 1979 and derives its name from the by.
Further, Caen was one of the hosts of the.
The city has a football team.
Retrieved 25 April 2019.
Retrieved 22 March 2018.
Retrieved 22 March 2018.
Archived from on 2 January 2009.
Retrieved 23 November 2009.
Retrieved 12 March 2013.
Retrieved 7 July 2009.
Retrieved 23 March 2018.
Retrieved 23 March 2018.
Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981—2010 et records in French.
Retrieved 6 August 2019.
Archived from on 12 March 2013.
Retrieved 6 August 2019.
Office de Tourisme de Caen читать далее French.
Retrieved 23 March 2018.
Retrieved 23 March 2018.
Site officiel du tourisme dans le Calvados in French.
Retrieved 23 March 2018.
Retrieved 16 May 2017.
Archived from PDF on 5 March 2016.
Retrieved 29 June 2014.
Retrieved 12 November 2019.
Archived from on 13 July 2016.
Archived from the original on 6 November 2008.
Retrieved 6 April 2017.
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