Обзор:AUDI 100 Ремонт ДВС (ABC 2.6( 2.8))
The first Audi 100, developed by Volkswagen's very much subsidiary Auto Union at 4, was shown to продолжить press as a four-door sedan on 26 November 1968.Its name originally denoting a power output of 100 PS (74 kW), the Audi 100 was the company's largest car since the revival of the Audi brand by Volkswagen in 1965.
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Примеры работ. Ниссан Тиида 2008 1,8 Бензин После ДТП автомобиль ездил. В следствии удара треснул корпус блока предохранителей под капотом. The C2 and C3 models of the Audi 100 were marketed initially in the United States as the Audi 5000 1984-1988 and in South Africa as the Audi 500.
Its name originally denoting a power output of 100 PS 74 kWthe Audi 100 was the company's largest car since the revival of the Audi brand by Volkswagen in 1965.
The C1 platform spawned several variants: the Audi 100 two- and four-door saloons, and theawhich bore a resemblance to the released a year earlier, especially at the rear end, including details such as the louvres behind the rear side windows and the shape of the rear light clusters.
Audi followed up the introduction of the four-door saloon in November 1968 with a two-door saloon in October 1969 and the 100 Coupé S in autumn 1970.
From April 1970 the 100 LS could be ordered with a three-speed sourced from.
Although the Audi 100's engines were considered rather "rough", critics stated that buyers whose first car had been a and who aspired to upgrade to were unlikely to be discouraged.
The Ingolstadt production line was at full capacity, but supply fell short of demand that during the summer of 1970 an additional production line for Audi 100s was set up in Volkswagen's own plant, which made it the first water-cooled car to be produced in Germany's and by some criteria the world's largest car plant.
For the Swiss market, the 100 LS was equipped with a version of the 1.
This placed the engine above the 9 tax horsepower threshold in the 19 cantons where this system was in use; why this was desired is unknown.
Starting with the 1972 model year, the 80 and 90 PS versions were replaced by a new regular-petrol-variant of the 1.
In March 1971 the 500,000th Audi was produced.
By now the Audi 100 had become the most commercially successful model in the company's history.
In 1976 the two millionth Audi was built, of which the 100 represented 800,000 cars.
In September 1973 for the 1974 model year the 100 received a minor facelift with a somewhat smaller squared-off grille, with correspondingly more angular front fenders, and with reshuffled taillight lens patterns.
нажмите для продолжения rear torsion bar was replaced by coil springs.
For model year 1975 the base 100 was re-christened the 100 L and received a 1.
A four-wheel drive prototype of the Audi 100 C1 was built in 1976, long before the appearance of the.
In South Africa, where the 100 was also assembled, the 100 was available as the L, LS, GL, and S Coupé.
Local production began towards the end of 1972; by October 1976 33,000 units had been built in South Africa.
The GL received a vinyl roof and "GL" lettering on the C-pillar.
The LS was dropped for 1976, but returned for 1977 along with the new GLS saloon.
The Coupé was discontinued.
The LS and GLS were special versions of the L and GL, with silver paintjobs, automatic transmissions, and special red interiors.
L and LS have a 1760 cc engine with 75 kW 102 PS; 101 hp DIN, while the GL and GLS have the larger 1871 cc engine producing 84 kW 114 PS; 113 hp.
In the United States the Audi 100 appeared in 1970 in LS guise, with a 115 hp 86 kW SAE 1.
For 1972 the engine was enlarged to 1.
A base and a GL model were added, as was an automatic transmission.
For 1974 the lineup was again restricted to the 100 LS, 4 the larger safety bumpers were now fitted.
Power increased to 95 hp 71 kW for 1975, by changing to.
Standard equipment was improved accompanied by an increase in prices.
In August 1977 the new Audi 5000 replaced the 100, although another 537 leftover cars were sold in 1978.
The Coupé was not available in the United States.
It was initially a 100 PS 74 kW engine offering "six-cylinder power and four-cylinder economy", and later upgraded to 136 PS 100 kW.
The Coupé was discontinued, but a five-door model, the 100 Avant, was launched in August 1977 as part of this generation.
The mainstay of the range remained the four-door model.
A two-door version was offered, primarily on the domestic market, from February 1977, but by now there was little demand for large two-door sedans and thus only a few of these two-door Audi 100 C2s were sold.
At the top of the line, the Audi 200 made its appearance at the 1979with fuel injected five-cylinder engines in either naturally aspirated or turbocharged forms.
At the end of September 1977, the Audi 100 became the manufacturer's first model 4 reach a production level of 1,000,000 units.
The millionth Audi 100 was a hatchback Audi 100 Avant assembled not at the company's main plant but to the west, at the factory which, since the demise of the mainstream volume models from the range, had been concentrating on providing additional production capacity for the fast selling Audi range.
The 100 C2 effectively became a de facto successor to the similarly sized which ceased production in 1977, and the NSU name gradually disappeared from the public consciousness - eventually being erased from the company name completely in 1985 when Audi NSU Auto Union AG renamed itself Audi AG.
The RHD Audi 200 5E and 5T were introduced into the UK in 1979, only 500 were imported.
The 5T 170 PS was a higher spec Turbo version of the 5E 136 PS injection and came with many optional extras as standard.
The UK version of the 5T had opening quarter lights, electric door mirrors, a sunroof, cruise control and heated seats.
All Type 43 200's came with automatic gearboxes, with a five-speed manual available by special order.
The 5000 had twin round headlamps for the first two model years, after which they were replaced by rectangular перейти на страницу />The diesel was originally not available in California, as Porsche-Audi of North America was unable to meet.
The naturally aspirated diesel was also only available with a five-speed manual, a handicap in the American market.
It was not until the 1983 introduction of the turbodiesel that these concerns were met.
The 50-state Turbodiesel arrived for the 1983 model year, at about the same time that the Audi Iek Кабель-канал 30х25 (2м) C3 was presented in Europe, and was only ever sold in the United States.
In 1980 the 5000 Turbo arrived in the US.
This model only delivered 130 hp 97 kWmore than twenty percent less than the European spec model.
Aside from meeting the strict US emissions, this model also had lower boost pressure to be able to run on the lower octane unleaded fuel available in America.
While the Turbo also received a 4, sportier suspension, bigger aluminium wheels, and 4 performance upgrades, it was also only available with a three-speed automatic transmission.
In the US, reflecting the Audi's luxury connotations, 90 percent of 5000s received the costlier "S" equipment package.
The 5000 Turbodiesel received a useful increase in power and torque, offset somewhat by only being available in conjunction with Audi's "3+E" automatic transmission.
This was a three-speed automatic in which the "E" mode engaged a freewheel effect, lowering fuel 4 by 3-5 percent.
The Turbodiesel received the same body and interior specifications as the gasoline-powered turbo; the only difference was the use of 14-inch alloy wheels rather than the 4 15-inch items mounted on the 5000 Turbo.
The increased aerodynamic efficiency resulted in better fuel economy.
The design was in contrast from the boxy shape of the C2.
Audi innovated flush windows on the C3, a key area for aerodynamic that has been widely adopted by other manufacturers.
The aerodynamic body gave the 100 higher top speed than other cars of similar engine size.
A new technology introduced in the C3 included the safety system.
The two-door models were no longer available, and the Audi 100 Avant was now positioned as a rather than a hatchback - the Avant designation would now be used for all Audi station wagons from that point forward.
The Avant was introduced with available extra folding third row seat — not available in conjunction with ABS-brakes as the brake control unit sat in the same space.
The 200, launched 4 1983 continued as the upmarket variant with several versions of the 2.
The MC turbo engine was available in the 100 as well for some markets.
In January 1988 the Audi 100 received a subtle facelift, most obvious being the change to flush fitting doorhandles.
The 1991 200 20V featured flared vs.
The 4 also featured a 2.
A such-engined Audi 100 was the first model to wear the TDI label.
It had a brief career in the C3, being replaced in December of that year when the C4 arrived.
At the time, was investigating 50 car models from 20 manufacturers for sudden surges of power.
In North America, the television broadcast network news program aired a report titled Out of Control on November 23, 1986.
It featured interviews with six people who had sued Audi after reporting Горный (MTB) велосипед Focus Raven Evo 29 (2017) acceleration, including footage of an Audi 5000 ostensibly displaying a surge of acceleration while the brake pedal was depressed.
Subsequent investigation revealed that 60 Minutes had not disclosed they had engineered the vehicle's behavior — fitting a canister of compressed air on the passenger-side floor, to pump fluid via a hose to a hole drilled into the transmission — the arrangement executed by one of the experts who had testified on behalf of a plaintiff in a then-pending lawsuit against Audi's parent company.
Audi initially responded by suggesting that the drivers of the cars involved in the incidents were at fault, because they had stepped on the accelerator pedal rather than the brake.
Subsequently, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NHTSA concluded that the majority of unintended acceleration cases, including all the ones that prompted the 60 Minutes report, were caused mainly by factors such as confusion of pedals.
In a review study published in 2012, NHTSA summarized its past findings about the Audi unintended acceleration problems: "Once an unintended acceleration had begun, in the Audi 5000, due to a failure in the idle-stabilizer system producing an initial acceleration of 0.
The defective idle-stabilization system performed a type of.
Later repairs of 250,000 cars dating back to 1978 added a device requiring the driver to press the brake pedal before shifting out of park.
It is unclear what was done 4 the defects in the idle-stabilization system.
Subsequent to the recall campaigns, vehicles now include patterns and brake mechanisms to prevent deliberate gear selection.
Audi subsequently offered increased warranty protection and renamed the affected models — with the 5000 becoming the 100 and 200 in 1989.
The company only reached the same level of U.
As of early 2010, a class-action lawsuit — dealing with a charge that on account of the sudden acceleration controversy, Audi models had lost resale value — filed in 1987 by about 7,500 Audi 5000-model owners remains unsettled and is currently contested in county court in Chicago after appeals at the Illinois state and U.
The NHTSA's findings have been "small solace for Audi in defense of product liability actions, as more and more successful cases used Audi's human factor design errors and failure to warn or recall as a basis for liability.
The CS Turbo quattro was on that list for 1986 through 1988.
The car was equipped with the system.
The car was piloted by and with both and won eight out of thirteen events.
Audi moved to by the end of the season, the SCCA would change the regulation to a two-wheel drive only and banning cars with non-American engines.
Audi also used the 200 Turbo Quattro 20v as their replacement for the aging after the elimination of in 1986.
The 200 was driven by former drivers and Walter Röhrl.
The Audi 200 became the first four-wheel-drive car to win thewith Hannu Mikkola driving.
The 200 Quattro became the last car Audi campaigned in rallying as a manufacturing team.
The C3-platform Audi V8 continued to be sold as a separate line.
The major change for the C4 was the introduction of a 2.
It was later joined by a 2.
They are essentially the same engines offered in the 1992, B4.
The пост Пульт Philips 2422 549 01911 то of permanent four-wheel drive was an option across 4 range, and the Audi 100 quattro was available with a four-speed automatic gearbox.
This по этому нажмите чтобы прочитать больше was also available with a 2.
For the 1995 model year, in conjunction with some styling revisions, Audi dropped the Audi 100 tag, renaming it the instead.
In addition, the existing 100-derived became the.
The S4 name was later re-used for the high-performance derivative of the replacement for the.
The Audi V8 CD-проигрыватель CDJ-350 been replaced by the in 1994.
The C4-based A6 continued until early 1997, when it was replaced by an all-new.
Since most products in China are designed for government use, all 100s manufactured as FAWs were front-wheel drive sedans with 4 2.
In 1990, approved a resolution to circumscribe car import and the of cars equipped to officials.
Furthermore, the resolution also prescribed that all cars of central departments of both Party and government must be domestic built.
As the most luxurious and advanced cars made in China in early-1990s, FAW-Audi 100 and 200 had a high percentage of the Chinese high-class market of executive cars for nearly one decade, until the C3-platform cars was replaced by C4 based in 1999.
During the negotiation between FAW and Volkswagen in late-1980s, Volkswagen acceded to FAW's suggestion of combining the C3 platform with previously считаю, Твердотельный накопитель PQI S527 128GB что engines in the new generation Red Flag.
Hongqi CA7200 series with the technology of C3 were launched in mid-1990s, while most of C3 Audi 100 parts could be made in China.
CA7200 were initially equipped with a 2.
In 2000s decadenew replaced the original 4-cylinder petrol engine.
A small number of C3 200s with 1.
All Chinese spec Audi 100s and Hongqis were front wheel drive and had a 5 speed manual gearbox as standard Hongqi production commenced in 1993 and ended in 2005 where the Toyota Crown Majesta S180 replaced it as its successor under the name HQ3 and HQ430.
Main article: At the Geneva Motor Show in March 1990 Audi presented its first of the or Audi 100 Avant Duo experimental vehicle, a based on the Audi 100 Avant quattro.
This car had a 12.
A -mounted supplied to the motor that drove the rear wheels.
The vehicle's front wheels were powered by a 2.
The intent was to produce a vehicle which could operate on the engine in the 4 and electric mode in the city.
Mode of operation could be selected by the driver.
Ten vehicles are believed to have been made; one drawback was the extra weight of the electric drive, making vehicles less efficient when running on their engines alone than standard Audi 100s with the same engine.
In late 1991, Audi unveiled the second Duo generation — likewise based on the Audi 100 Avant quattro.
Once again this featured an electric motor, a 28.
This time, however, the rear wheels were additionally powered via the from the main engine compartment, which housed a 2.
Das die Motoren des Audi 100 ziemlich rauh liefen, vermochte deutsche Käufer, die ja grossenteils фанкойл 1-1,9 кВт Aermec FCZ 100 VW-Käfer kamen und zum Mercedes-Diesel strebten, нажмите чтобы перейти zu stören.
Berne, but in Switzerland: Hallwag SA: 196.
Cape Town, South Africa: Scott Publications: 33.
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Standard Catalog of Imported Cars, 1946-1990.
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The New York Https://greenl66.ru/100/lopata-dollex-lpt-2298.html />Retrieved 15 June 2015.
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Note: figures given for calendar years, might include late C2 production; figures for 200 not including 1991.
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Archived from on 16 February 2007.
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Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2001,p.
Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2001,p.
Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2001, German.
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